Health & Safety Laboratory Publications

I've provided links to the recent work, and the older HSE reports listed below can usually be found on the HSE website. If you can't find what you're looking for, email me and I will try to help.

2017


2016


2015


2014
  • Gant S.E. "Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modelling of dense gas dispersion over complex terrain: Requirements for Robust and Reliable CFD", Health and Safety Laboratory Report MSU/2014/17, Buxton, UK

  • Woolley, R.M., Fairweather, M., Wareing, C.J., Falle, S.A.E.G., Mahgerefteh, H., Martynov, S., Brown, S., Narasimhamurthy, V.D., Storvik, I.E.,Saelen, L., Skjold, T., Economou, I.G., Tsangaris, D.M., Boulougouris, G.C., Diamantonis, N., Cusco, L., Wardman, M., Gant, S.E., Wilday, J., Zhang, Y.C., Chen, S., Proust, C., Hebrard, J., Jamois, D. "CO2PipeHaz: quantitative hazard assessment for next generation CO2 pipelines", Energy Procedia, 63, p2510-2529 (download Open Access pdf 3.0 Mb)

  • Gant, S.E., Narasimhamurthy, V.D., Skjold, T., Jamois, D. and Proust, C. "Evaluation of multi-phase atmospheric dispersion models for application to carbon capture and storage", Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 32, p286-298 (download Open Access pdf 2.3 Mb)

  • Woolley, R.M., Fairweather, M., Wareing, C.J., Falle, S.A.E.G., Mahgerefteh, H., Martynov, S., Brown, S., Narasimhamurthy, V.D., Storvik, I.E.,Saelen, L., Skjold, T., Economou, I.G., Tsangaris, D.M., Boulougouris, G.C., Diamantonis, N., Cusco, L., Wardman, M., Gant, S.E., Wilday, J., Zhang, Y.C., Chen, S., Proust, C., Hebrard, J., Jamois, D. "CO2PipeHaz: quantitative hazard assessment for next generation CO2 pipelines", International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Technologies (GHGT-12), Austin, Texas, USA, 6-9 October 2014 (download pdf 2.0 Mb)

  • Betteridge, S., Hoyes, J., Gant S.E. and Ivings, M. "Consequence Modelling of Large LNG Pool Fires on Water", IChemE Hazards 24 Conference, Edinburgh, UK, 7-9 May 2014 (download pdf pre-print 1.7 Mb)

  • Kelsey A., Gant S.E., McNally K., and Betteridge S. "Application of global sensitivity analysis to FDS simulations of large LNG fire plumes", IChemE Hazards 24 Conference, Edinburgh, UK, 7-9 May 2014 (download pdf 0.4 Mb)

  • Lisbona D., McGillivray A., Saw J.L., Gant S.E., Bilio M. and Wardman M. "Risk assessment methodology for high-pressure CO2 pipelines incorporating topography" Process Safety and Environmental Protection Journal, 92(1), p27-35, 2014 (download pdf pre-print 1.6 Mb)


2013


2012
  • Dixon C.M., Gant S.E., Obiorah C. and Bilio M. "Validation of dispersion models for high pressure carbon dioxide releases" IChemE Hazards XXIII Conference, Southport, UK, 12-15 November 2012. (download pdf 1.2 Mb)

  • Gant S.E., Bettis R., Santon R., Buckland I., Bowen P. and Kay P. "Generation of flammable mists from high flashpoint fluids: Literature Review" IChemE Hazards XXIII Conference, Southport, UK, 12-15 November 2012. (download pdf 0.3 Mb)

  • Gant S.E. "Framework for validation of pipeline release and dispersion models for the COOLTRANS project", Third International Forum on the Transportation of CO2 by Pipeline, 20-21 June 2012, Newcastle, UK (download pdf pre-print 0.2 Mb)

  • Gant S.E. and Kelsey A. "Accounting for the effect of concentration fluctuations for gaseous releases of carbon dioxide" J. Loss Prev. Proc. Ind., 25 (1), p52-59, 2012. (DOI:10.1016/j.jlp.2011.06.028) (download pdf pre-print 0.2 Mb)

  • Atkinson G.T. and Gant S.E. "Flammable vapour cloud risks from tank overfilling incidents" Health and Safety Executive, Research Report RR937, 2012.


2011
  • Gant S.E. and Atkinson G.T. "Dispersion of the vapour cloud in the Buncefield Incident" Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 89 (6), p391-403, 2011. (DOI:10.1016/j.psep.2011.06.018) (download pdf pre-print 2.1 Mb)

  • Coldrick S., Gant S.E., Atkinson G.T. and Dakin R. "Factors affecting vapour production in large scale evaporating liquid cascades", Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 89 (6), p371-381, 2011. (DOI:10.1016/j.psep.2011.07.004) (download pdf pre-print 0.5 Mb)

  • Gant S.E., Pursell M.R., Lea C.J., Fletcher J., Rattigan W., Thyer A.M. and Connolly S. "Flammability of hydrocarbon and carbon dioxide mixtures" Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 89 (6), p472-481, 2011. (DOI:10.1016/j.psep.2011.06.017) (download pdf pre-print 0.5 Mb)

  • Gant S.E. and Atkinson G.T. "CFD for reconstruction of the accident in Buncefield" 50th Dechema Tutzing Symposium, Germany, 23-25 May 2011. Also published in "Process and Plant Safety: Applying Computational Fluid Dynamics", Schmidt J. (Ed.), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, 2012. (download pdf pre-print 0.5 Mb)

  • Lamont D., Bettis R., Fletcher J., Nicol A., Gant S. and Coldrick S. "Water spray barriers in tunnels under construction" World Tunnel Congress and 37th General Assembly, Helsinki, Finland, 20-26 May 2011.

  • Coldrick S., Gant S.E. and Atkinson G.T. "Large scale evaporating liquid cascades -- an experimental and computational study" IChemE Hazards XXII Conference, Liverpool, UK, 11-14 April 2011. (download pdf 1.6 Mb)

  • Pursell M.R., Gant S.E., Fletcher J., Rattigan W., Thyer A.M. and Connolly S. "Flammability of hydrocarbon/CO2 mixtures: Part 1. Ignition and Explosion characteristics" IChemE Hazards XXII Conference, Liverpool, UK, 11-14 April 2011. (download pdf 10.1 Mb)

  • Gant S.E., Pursell M.R., Lea C.J., Thyer A.M. and Connolly S. "Flammability of hydrocarbon/CO2 mixtures: Part 2. predictive models for gas jet ignition" IChemE Hazards XXII Conference, Liverpool, UK, 11-14 April 2011. (download pdf 2.0 Mb)

  • Gant S.E., Lea C.J., Pursell M.R., Fletcher J., Rattigan W. and Thyer A.M. "Flammability of hydrocarbon and carbon dioxide mixtures: measurements and modelling", HSL Report MSU/2010/21, 2011. (download pdf 2.8 Mb)

  • Mahgerefteh H., Fairweather M., Falle S., Melheim J., Ichard M., Storvik I., Taraldset O.J., Skjold T., Economu I., Tsangaris D., Cusco L., Wardman M., Gant S.E. Wilday J., Zhang Y.C., Chen S. and Proust C. "CO2PipeHaz: Quantitative hazard assessment for next generation CO2 pipelines" IChemE Hazards XXII Conference, Liverpool, UK, 11-14 April 2011. (download pdf)

  • Walsh P.T., Gant S.E., Dowker K.P. and Batt R. "Response of electrochemical oxygen sensors to inert gas-air an carbon dioxide-air mixtures: measurements and mathematical modelling" J. Haz. Mat., 186 (1), p190-196, 2011. (DOI:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.10.108) (download pdf pre-print 0.1 Mb)


2010
  • Ivings M.J., Gant S.E., Saunders C.J. and Pocock D.J. "Flammable gas cloud build up in a ventilated enclosure" J. Haz. Mat., 184 (1-3), p170-176, 2010. (DOI:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.08.020)

  • Gant S.E. and Hoyes J. "Review of FLACS version 9.0: Dispersion modelling capabilities" Health and Safety Executive Report RR779, 2010. (download pdf 0.9 Mb)

  • Gant S.E. "Reliability issues of LES-related approaches in an industrial context" Flow, Turbulence and Combustion, 84(2), p325-335, 2010. ( DOI:10.1007/s10494-009-9237-8) (download pdf pre-print 0.4 Mb)


2009
  • Thyer A.M., Kay J., and Gant S.E. "Investigations into the flammability of propane/carbon dioxide, hydrogen/carbon dioxide and hydrogen/nitrogen mixtures" Proc. IChemE Hazards XXI Symposium & Workshop, Manchester, UK, 10-12 November 2009

  • Webber D.M., Gant S.E., Ivings M.J. and Jagger S.F., "LNG Source term models for hazard analysis: a review of the state-of-the-art and an approach to model assessment" Final Report MSU/2008/24, The Fire Protection Research Foundation, March 2009 (download pdf from NFPA or HSE, 2.3 Mb)

  • Atkinson G.T., Gant S.E., Painter D., Shirvill L. and Ungut A., "Liquid dispersal and vapour production during overfilling incidents" Proc. IChemE Hazards XX Symposium & Workshop, Manchester, UK, 15-17 April 2008. Also published in IChemE Loss Prevention Bulletin, June 2009 (download pdf 7.3 Mb)

  • Gant S.E. "Quality and reliability issues with large-eddy simulation" HSL Report MSU/2008/10, 2009 (download pdf 3.5 Mb)


2008
  • Ivings M.J., Clarke S., Gant S.E., Fletcher B., Heather A., Pocock D.J., Pritchard D.K., Santon R. and Saunders C.J. "Area classification for secondary releases from low pressure natural gas systems" Health and Safety Executive Report RR630, 2008. (download pdf 5.0 Mb)

  • Lea C.J. and Gant S.E. "Final report on Efectis' CFD simulations of fire on a channel tunnel HGV shuttle" HSL Report MSU/2008/05, 2008

  • Kay J., Thyer A.M. and Gant S.E. "Investigations into the effects of carbon dioxide and nitrogen on the flammability limits of gases" HSL Report PS/08/06, 2008

  • Gant S.E., "Practical quality measures for large-eddy simulation" ERCOFTAC Workshop on Direct and Large Eddy Simulation 7 (DLES7), Trieste, Italy, 8-10 September 2008.


2007
  • Gant S.E., Heather A. and Kelsey A. "CFD models for evaporating hydrocarbon sprays" HSL Report CM/07/04, 2007 (download pdf 3.6 Mb)

  • Atkinson, G. and Gant S.E. "Buncefield Investigation: Liquid flow and vapour production" HSL Report FS/06/09, 2007

  • Gant S.E. and Atkinson, G. "Buncefield Investigation: Dispersion of the vapour cloud" HSL Report CM/06/13, 2007

  • Gant S.E. "CFD modelling of water spray barriers" HSL Report HSL/2006/79, 2006 (download pdf 1.4 Mb)


2006
  • Gant S.E. and Kelsey A. "Factors influencing the indoor transport of contaminants and modelling implications" HSL Report HSL/2006/29, 2006 (download pdf 0.5 Mb)

  • Gant S.E. "Large-eddy simulation of gas dispersion in a room" HSL Report HSL/2006/28, 2006 (download pdf 0.6 Mb)

  • Gant S.E., Ivings M.J., Jones A. and Santon R. "Hazardous are classification of low pressure natural gas systems using CFD predictions" Proc. IChemE Hazards XIX Symposium & Workshop, Manchester, UK, 27-30 March 2006


2005
  • Gant S.E. and Ivings M.J. "CFD modelling of low pressure jets for area classification" HSL Report HSL/2005/11, 2005 (download pdf 0.5 Mb)

  • Gant S.E. and Ivings M.J. "CFD modelling of low pressure 'coke oven gas' jets" HSL Report CM/05/08, 2005


Manchester University Publications

The publications linked below were all made whilst I was working at the University of Manchester, or UMIST, as it once was. They are mainly about a new wall-function treatment for RANS models.
  • Gant S.E. and Stallard, T. "Modelling a tidal turbine in unsteady flow", ISOPE conference, Vancouver, Canada, 2008 (download pdf 5 Mb)

  • Craft T.J., Gant S.E., Gerasimov A.V., Iacovides H., and Launder B.E. "Numerical modeling of heat transfer in wall-adjacent turbulent flows" Chapter 11, Handbook of Numerical Heat Transfer, 2nd Edition, Minkowycz, Sparrow & Murthy (Editors), ISBN 0-471-34878, 2006

  • Craft T.J., Gant S.E., Gerasimov A.V., Iacovides H., and Launder B.E. "Development and application of wall-function treatments for forced and mixed convection flows" Fluid Dynamics Research, 38 (2-3), p127-144, 2006 (download pdf 0.5 Mb © The Japan Society of Fluid Mechanics and Elsevier B.V.)

  • Craft T.J., Gant S.E. and Iacovides H. " Application of a generalised RANS wall funcion to recirculating flows with heat transfer", Fourth Int. Conf. on Computational Heat & Mass Transfer (ICCHMT), 17-20 May, Paris-Cachan, France, 2005 (download pdf 0.2 Mb)

  • Craft T.J., Gant S.E., Gerasimov A.V., Iacovides H., and Launder B.E. "Advances in Practical Near-Wall Turbulence Modelling", Fourth European Thermal Sciences Conference, Birmingham, UK 2004 (download pdf 0.9 Mb)

  • Craft T.J., Gant S.E., Iacovides H., Launder B.E. and Serre E. "Three-dimensional simulation of rotor-stator cavity flow", CSAR Focus Magazine, Edition 12, 2004 (download pdf 0.5 Mb)

  • Craft T.J., Gant S.E., Iacovides H., Launder B.E. and Robinson C.M.E. "A new wall function for complex turbulent flows", presented at the Laboratoire MSNM-GP, Universite d'Aix/Marseille, Feb 2004 (download slides.ppt 14 Mb).

  • Craft T.J., Gant S.E., Iacovides H., and Launder B.E. "A new wall function strategy for complex turbulent flows", Numerical Heat Transfer Part B: Fundamentals Vol. 45, No. 4, p301-318, 2004 (download pdf 0.4 Mb © Taylor & Francis)
  •  
  • Craft T.J., Gant S.E., Gerasimov A.V., Iacovides H., and Launder B.E. "Wall-function approaches for turbulent flow CFD" 6th ISHMT-ASME Heat and Mass Transfer Conference, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu, India, 5-7 January 2004.

  • Gant S.E. "Development and Application of a New Wall Function for Complex Turbulent Flows" PhD Thesis, Dept. of Mechanical, Aerospace and Manufacturing Engineering, UMIST, November 2002. 
  • This can be downloaded as a whole in GNU-zipped PostScript format thesis.ps.gz (9 MB) or in pdf format thesis.pdf (13 Mb) (if you have a choice, download the ps.gz version which has better quality fonts). It can also be downloaded in parts by clicking on the links below. 
    • Title, Declaration and Acknowledgements ps.gz pdf
    • Abstract and Contents ps.gz pdf
    • Nomenclature ps.gz pdf
    • Chapter 1: Introduction & Literature Survey ps.gz pdf
    • Chapter 2: Mathematical Models ps.gz pdf
    • Chapter 3: Numerical Implementation ps.gz pdf
    • Chapter 4: Subgrid-based wall function: UMIST-N ps.gz pdf
    • Chapter 5: Impinging Jet Flow ps.gz pdf
    • Chapter 6: Spinning "Free" Disc Flow ps.gz pdf
    • Chapter 7: Ahmed Body Flow ps.gz pdf
    • Chapter 8: Discussion and Conclusions ps.gz pdf
    • Appendix A: RANS Equations for Axisymmetric Swirling Flow ps.gz pdf
    • Appendix B: Introduction to Curvilinear Coordinates ps.gz pdf
    • Appendix C: RANS Equations in Curvilinear Coordinates ps.gz pdf
    • Appendix D: Subgrid Wall Function Transport Equations ps.gz pdf
    • Appendix E: Numerical Treatment of Subgrid Transport Equations ps.gz pdf
    • Appendix F: Transport Equations used in STREAM ps.gz pdf
    • Appendix G: Other Wall Function Options Explored ps.gz pdf
    • Bibliography ps.gz pdf
    • Figures ps.gz pdf  

  • Craft T.J., Gant S.E., Gerasimov A.V., Iacovides H. and Launder B.E. "Wall Function Strategies for use in Turbulent Flow CFD"  Proc. 12th International Heat Transfer Conference, Grenoble, France, 2002 Download paper in pdf format.

  • Craft T.J., Gant S.E., Iacovides H., Launder B.E. and Robinson C.M.E. "Computational study of flow around the "Ahmed" car body (case 9.4)", 9th ERCOFTAC/IAHR/COST Workshop on Refined Turbulence Modelling, Darmstadt, Germany, 4-5 October 2001 Download paper in pdf (2.1 Mb) ps.gz (1.4 Mb).

  • Craft T.J., Gant S.E., Iacovides H. and Launder B.E. "Development and Application of a New Wall Function for Complex Turbulent Flows", ECCOMAS CFD2001 Conference, Swansea, Wales, UK, 4-7 September 2001.  Download paper in pdf or ps format.
     


Others




Links